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The Red Badge of Courage

The Red Badge of Courage-full text
After reading the novel, answer the following questions using quotes whenever possible.
1. Compare and contrast Henry, Wilson, and Jim. What does each character seem to represent? How does Crane’s focus on the inner workings of Henry’s mind give the reader a picture of Henry different from that of any other character?
2. Analyze the effect of Crane’s frequent use of descriptive tags—such as “the youth,” “the tall soldier,” or “the loud one”—to refer to the characters, rather than the use of their actual names.
3. Thinking about Crane’s portrayal of the Civil War as a large historical phenomenon, how does Crane depict the different armies? What differences, if any, does he draw between them? What is his approach to the moral element of the struggle?
4. Consider Henry’s flashback to his conversation with his mother in Chapter I. What is his mother’s attitude about his enlisting in the first place? How does her advice foreshadow the main themes of the novel?
5. In the author’s point of view, is it wrong for Henry to run from the battle? Is it wrong for him to abandon the tattered soldier? More broadly, does The Red Badge of Courage have a moral center, or does it deny that moral categories such as “right” and “wrong” can exist in an indifferent universe?


At 1:46 PM, Anonymous SParsons said...

1. Henry is a young man who has fallen victim to the propaganda that has been spread in favor of fighting in the Union Army. He believes that in order to be a loyal American, he must fight in the war. He also believes that risking his life in the army will help him become a man, and that it will help him satisfy his need to do something great. Henry seems to represent the naïve, unrealistic, romantic type of courage that young men had. Wilson is like Henry in the beginning in the sense that he also wanted to be a soldier who would fight for his country and that it would make him a man. The difference was that for Wilson, there wasn’t as much thinking involved. He was more simplistic when thinking about war. Instead of having complex ideas of victory and heroism that Henry had, he just wanted to get out there and fight. “This time we're in for a big battle, and we've got the best end of it, certain sure. Gee rod! how we will thump 'em!...and I didn't say I was the bravest man in the world, neither. I said I was going to do my share of fighting--that's what I said. And I am, too,” (p.25). Wilson’s character changes dramatically after he has seen war first-hand. He becomes more reserved and becomes more humble and wise. He represents maturity and manhood because the war caused him to grow up quickly and bluntly. Jim was the veteran soldier who didn’t share in the romantic ideas of war that Henry and Wilson held. He is tall and quiet, and only participates in the war because he knows that it is his duty. He represents morality and a sense of wisdom/experience.

2. The author’s use of the tags: “the youth” “the loud one” and “the tall one” were ways of showing what they symbolized. Since Henry was the youngest character, and since he showed the most immaturity and self-centeredness, his tag reminded the reader of that every time he was mentioned. Wilson was tagged as “the loud one” because his character was the most obnoxious and naïve in the story. His tag also helped show that he was all talk, and didn’t really think about what he was saying. This helped represent him and what he symbolized. “Oh, we've got 'em now!" As he spoke his boyish face was wreathed in a gleeful smile, and his voice had an exultant ring. "We've got 'em now. At last, by the eternal thunders, we'll like 'em good!" (p. 24) Finally, Jim’s tag was the “tall one” because he was a very tall soldier. Emphasizing his height helped to emphasize his character. He was the most morally in-touch character in the story. He had lots of control over himself and his actions, which gave him a sort of “height” above the other soldiers. The author’s use of these tags helped him show what each character represented throughout the story.

3. Crane depicts the two armies differently throughout the story. Crane writes his story from the points of view of Union soldiers. The confederate army is just depicted as a large mass, or the enemy. We never see the point of view of a confederate soldier, and there are no individual confederate characters. This lets us assume that Crane agreed with the Union army, and that he was loyal to the existing United States. The way that Crane describes the confederate army as one large group causes them to be dehumanized. The reader automatically sides with the human characters that have feelings and emotions as opposed to this huge faceless mass. In a moral sense, Crane describes the Confederate army as “robots” that just kill without thinking. “As he listened he imagined them to have rows of cruel teeth that grinned at him,” (p. 58). The Union soldiers on the other hand, have trouble with fighting and killing, and are constantly dealing with inner demons. In order to have inner-demons, you have to have morality to begin with. With this, Crane shows that the Union army had moral values, while the Confederates were brutes that had no moral values whatsoever.

4. Henry’s mother’s attitude about him enlisting at first is negative. She tries to discourage him one last time before he leaves by saying that she needs his help on their farm. “But his mother had discouraged him. She had affected to look with some contempt upon the quality of his war ardor and patriotism. She could calmly seat herself and with no apparent difficulty give him many hundreds of reasons why he was of vastly more importance on the farm than on the field of battle,” (p. 7) Her arguments against Henry going to war help to foreshadow the themes that exist throughout the novel. When she talks about Henry only wanting to go because he is being fooled by the propaganda, she is showing how Henry will discover manhood and maturity while at war by discovering that his life isn’t all that important in the grand scheme of life.

5. In the author’s point of view, the fact that Henry runs from battle is wrong. In the standards that society gives, it is wrong for a soldier to leave his fellow soldiers and run. The author shows that he agrees with this idea when Henry has so much trouble with his conscience after he retreats. He spends a good portion of the novel trying to convince himself that what he did was unforgivable. “He was continually casting sidelong glances to see if the men were contemplating the letters of guilt he felt burned into his brow,” (p. 74). The overwhelming guilt that Henry feels upon returning to his regiment causes him to be extremely unfriendly to the tattered soldier. He becomes so consumed with feeling sorry for himself that he has to abandon the tattered soldier. I think that The Red Badge of Courage does talk about morals and morality, but over all, I think that the author is sending the message that in a world so consumed with war and hatred, categories such as right and wrong, don’t really exist. They can’t exist truly, because everything is so twisted by society and politics, that people end up having these twisted morals that they try to live by, but like the soldiers in The Red Badge of Courage, end up just being left feeling empty.

At 12:09 AM, Blogger chelsea said...

1. Henry – In the beginning he is unsure of himself and questions his own courage, then later is able to find himself and build his courage. As his character grows, he learns from the soldiers surrounding him and the pressure to fight gets to him and is complimented by the lieutnent after just one battle, “By heavens, if I had ten thousand wild cats like you I could tear th’ stomach outa this war in less’n a week!” (pg 103) And because Henry is younger than most of the souldiers, I would say that he represents boy becoming man.
Wilson – As opposed to Henry, Wilson is a loud private who expresses his opinions and is named by the author as “the loud soldier.” But then as the story continues his character becomes less of a tough guy. Before one of the battles he gives a letter to Henry to give to his family in case he dies; this shows that he became more voulnerable as the war continued.
Jim – He is Henry’s friend. The kind of guy who might follow a crowd but still be his own person. He tells Henry that he would run in battle only if everyone else ran. This tells us that he isnt that macho-ive got pride-type of guy, he knows that he cant fight an entire army by himself so he would run away. But he also says that if they fought then he would fight along with them because that is what they are there to do.
2. Crane uses these tags to remind the reader of what the character’s personality is. It keeps the reader more interested in the individual and the situation rather than dismissing that part in the story. As I read the bigining I confused myself as to which was which, but as I continued reading the nicknames made more sence.
3. In a war, it is easy for both sides believe they can and will win. However, in this story two of the soldiers overhear the generals discussing how unprepared the soldiers are and how doubtful it is that they will win aby battles. This makes the men fight harder, to show the people who don’t have faith that they are strong and that they can win. This shows the reader that although both armies want to win, it comes down to who wants it more.
4. His mother is against Henry joining the army and “ with no apparent difficulty give him many hundreds of reasons why he was of vastly more importance on the farm than on the field of battle.”(pg 5)It was doubtful that anything could change her mind. Her advice to him is basically to stay out of harm’s way and to not think that he is indestructable, because he isnt. This may have stuck in his head and been the little voice in his head telling him that he cant fight and that he should run away instead. She tells him “I don't want yeh to ever do , Henry, that yeh would be 'shamed to let me know about. Jest think as if I was a-watchin' yeh. If yeh keep that in yer mind allus, I guess yeh'll come out about right.” (pg 7)
5. I don’t believe that the author thought it was wrong of Henry to have run from battle. “His self-pride was now entirely restored. In the shade of its flourishing growth he stood with braced and self-confident legs, and since nothing could now be discovered he did not shrink from an encounter with the eyes of judges, and allowed no thoughts of his own to keep him from an attitude of manfulness. He had performed his mistakes in the dark, so he was still a man.” Saying this is telling the reader that it is okay that he left because it was dark, nobody knew and he got away with it, so that means that he can still have his pride.

At 10:00 AM, Anonymous Jernsberger said...

1. In the novel The Red Badge of Courage, Henry, Wilson and Jim represent various types of naïve approaches to war. The first child, Henry, views war as a method to build a reputation. When it states, “Tales of great movements shook the land… but there seemed to be much glory in them,”(6) the book describes Henry’s views, proving that he only seeks war to gain a reputation. Henry symbolizes the way children perceive war, that is, a struggle, which will automatically lead to boundless glory. In truth, war only leads to pain and suffering. The second child, Wilson, views war as a means to prove his self-worth. Within the book, he uses war to portray himself as a war hero who knows everything about war and has courage for participating in war. This allows Wilson to have a sense of pride in order to prove his self-worth in life. Eventually, he does mature from these opinions as he learns the frightening truth about war and realizes that he knows barely anything about war and that war takes more courage than he thought that it would. Wilson symbolizes the childish and false pride that many use to show their self-worth. Jim, the last child, represents ignorance that soldiers possess in war. He never seems to have or show a reason for joining the war. Therefore, he symbolizes the ignorance that most soldiers carry since he never truly questions why he fought the war. Crane’s focus on the inner workings of Henry gives us a deeper understanding of Henry since we see how he thinks and feels. This one fact separates him from the rest of the soldiers.

2. When Crane uses terms such as “the youth,” “the tall soldier,” and “the loud one,” to represent his main characters, he reminds the readers about the characters’ different approaches to the war. He gives the readers a clear understanding of the characters’ beliefs and how they will change. The youth will change his view of war into a realistic opinion and will realize how true glory cannot be achieved through war. Therefore, he is called the youth since he is continually changing. The tall soldier will not change his opinion since he does not have one. This can be compared to his height, which will most likely never change. He will never be shorter than he already is. He will maintain his height as he will never gain any more views on the war. The loud one will use the war to create self-imagined pride, which will allow him to prove his self-worth, although he will realize that war is something that cannot be grasped and will not prove self-worth at all. His loud voice represents his pride.

3. Crane depicts the battle between each army as a war monster against the human race. He depicts the Union army, the army that Henry fights for, as the army who has its fears and has its losses since it is only human. In fact, many people, including Henry himself, run away from the battle proving that the regiment is truly human since every human has one aspect in common, fear. The opposing army, the Confederates, is portrayed more as a war machine or a monster of war, that will not back away from fighting the Union army. Crane even states, “They must be machines of steel,” (56) and “To the youth it was an onslaught of redoubtable dragons,” (56) depicting the monstrosity of the Confederate army. In a moral approach, this could be showing how Crane views the Confederate army as a representation of evil that has unmannered and barbaric ways, while the Union army is the representation of good, civilization, and humanity.

4. In the first place, Henry’s mother was against Henry’s joining in the army. She felt that he would do more good in the farm. When she did agree to Henry’s enlistment, she gave Henry advice stating “If so be a time comes when yeh have to be kilt or do a mean thing, why, Henry, don’t think of anything ‘cept what’s right…” This piece of advice foreshadows the main themes since many of the themes within the book are righteous reasons for fighting, such as courage and defending one’s self. According to the mother, righteousness should be in Henry’s mind in any action that he partakes in during the war.

5. Crane feels that it is wrong for Henry to run from battle. He believes this since he wrote his book based on courage and running from fear or any other issue does not express any courage at all. When Henry ran away from the tattered man, a fear, Henry realized that the tattered man could have died. This instance proved that without courage great deeds could never be fulfilled. It would have been a great deed if Henry saved the tattered man’s life. In fact, when Crane writes his book, he shows many examples of how courage can lead to great successes such as how the final battle was won by the 304th regime because of Henry’s courage. Therefore, The Red Badge of Courage does have a moral center by implying that it takes courage to accomplish great things.

At 6:10 PM, Blogger Hiranya Keenawinna said...

1)Henry is a young man who views war as a way to bring out the hero in a man or a boy. A hero is determined by a soldier’s actions on the field. In the first battle, he realized that he was scared of war and of dying. He thought that being a hero would be easy but it took bravery and also teamwork. He lies that he is injured to avoid fighting. The next time he starts to fight, he becomes one of the team and makes brave decisions without thinking of himself. He becomes a hero without thinking about it. Wilson was an obnoxious young man who said he wasn’t a coward but before the battle begins he gives Henry a letter to give to his family. This showed that he was afraid of death but after the battle he changed into a caring person and caring for Henry when he was injured. He became one with the army. Jim was someone who Henry had become in the end. He knew what war was and he had no illusions about it. He knew that death was unavoidable in war and he still fought on.

2)The youth was used for Henry because he was viewed as a child who had illusions of war. At the time boys were drafted by getting the boy to believe that through war the boy would become a man or a Hero. The tall Soldier referred to Jim because he walked with pride and with a quiet strength. He was able to talk care of himself and others if they needed it. The loud one was Wilson who spoke too loud and also was obnoxious. He spoke too much of himself as well. The names just described what the real character was like.

3)Crane made the two armies in the civil war equal in strength. The army that Henry was in was portrayed as a group of boys trying to get through the war. All of them were afraid of dying but still fought on. The other side was trying every time but they would somehow fall back. The author may have had a biased view on which side was better. He explained that both sides were afraid of death and they learned from every victory and defeat.

4)Henry was surprised at how his mother reacted to him listing in the army. She told him to be prepared and gave him advice on what to do and what not to do. She fussed about him and gave him shirts and socks to be warm. She was like a mother sending her child off for school. He saw later that she was crying over him leaving her, she was a mother sending her child of to war and she might never see him again.

5)The author didn’t believe it wrong for Henry to run in the first battle. He was still learning and he was to find out himself what he did wrong. He was put in a position in where he had to make a choice for himself and for the rest of his comrades. There are morals for each of the characters in the Red Badge of Courage. There is no right or wrong in this case, rather it is in the soldier’s decision to determine what is right for himself.

At 8:02 PM, Anonymous CStrawn said...

1. In the beginning of the novel Henry talks about winning glory for himself. He wants to be a hero and to be known as a hero. He only wants the glory that comes from war. As the novel progresses and his reginment comes closer to entering battle he becomes afraid. He is afraid tht he wll flee in the face of battle. He doesn’t want to feel alone in his thoughts of fleeing, but after talking to several of the men he does indeed feel alone. Later in the story after he goes back to battle he becomes a great solider and fighter like he wanted to be. Henery seems to represent change and growth and the gaining of courage.
Wilson begins as a loud soldier. He is simialer to Henry because they are both naïve. A little later on you see a side of him that is scared, like Henry. He gives Henry a letter to give to his family if he dies. However, once he enters battle and returns he acts like a mature man. He takes care of Henrys head-wound and offers him is blaknet for the night. Wildon grows in character like Henry does. He goes from a immature boy to a responisble man. No longer seeking glory he valuses his own life less.
Jim is completely different from both Henry and Wilson in the beginning of the novel. He is not at all interested in the glories of war. He does what he is told and goes on peacefully. When he is dieing he runs off into the bushes to die away from everyone else. He doesn’t not want to be a hero and doent not want glory. He is a responisble unslefish person.
By showing the inter workings of Henry’s mind you sympathize with him more than the other characters. You understand more of what he is thinking.

2. By not using the characters names, and instead using the descriptive words Crane make the characters seem part of a big group. It makes you relieze that there are many different men with many different sand-out personalities. You rellize that there are many men all fighting together.

3. It seems that each of the armies have a different personalities. Each regiment has a defferent portrayal on the war. Henry’s seems to be focused on the glorious side of war. IN the face of battle they are frieghtend, however. The other groups of men make fun at them.

4. In in Chapter One he remembers a conversation between his mother and him. She tells him to not do anything that he would be embarssed to tell her. She wants him to do the right thing and not to worry about returning home to her because she’ll be okay without him. "I don't know what else to tell yeh, Henry, excepting that yeh must never do no shirking, child, on my account. If so be a time comes when yeh have to be kilt of do a mean thing, why, Henry, don't think of anything 'cept what's right, because there's many a woman has to bear up 'ginst sech things these times, and the Lord 'll take keer of us all.” (Chapter One) This advice portrays how Henry progresses. At first he is afraid that he will run from battle, which he does. He becomes ashamed of himself for doing this. Eventully he returns to battle and does the right thing like is mother told him to do.

5. I don’t think the author thinks its wrong for him to run from the battle, as long as he redeem s himself by returning. Perhaps it was more wrong for him to abandon the soldier though. I think it does have a moral center. I think it teachers you that as long as you do the right thing in the end its okay that you started off doing the wrong thing.

At 8:20 PM, Anonymous MKawano said...

1. Henry is a young man who lived with his mother, but he enlisted himself to go fight in the war. Henry represents innocence because he has no idea what a war looks like through his eyes. He did not kill anyone or seen anyone being killed in the beginning of the novel. Henry doesn’t know what the war would bring him and he runs from his fear. “He yelled then with fright and swung about. For a moment, in the great clamor, he was like a proverbial chicken. He lost the direction of safety. Destruction threatened him from all points.” (Chapter 6) Wilson is a brave person in the beginning of the novel. He is ready for anything that the war would bring him. Later on, he becomes kind enough to take care of Henry when he was hurt. “His friend waved his hand impatiently. ‘Right down there by yeh.’ ‘Well, but hol' on a minnit,’ continued the youth. ‘What yeh goin' t' sleep in? I've got your—’ The loud young soldier snarled: ‘Shet up an' go on t' sleep. Don't be makin' a damn' fool 'a yerself,’ he said severely.” (Chapter 13) Wilson represents growth in his heart and his mind. Wilson changes from the beginning of the novel to the end, which surprises Henry. Jim represents a model soldier for Henry. Jim is kind to his companion and brave enough to fight in the war. “‘Where yeh been, Henry?’ he asked. He continued in a monotonous voice, ‘I thought mebbe yeh got keeled over. There 's been thunder t' pay t'-day. I was worryin' about it a good deal.’” (Chapter 9) All three characters build up courage and friendship during the novel. Henry is different from other soldiers in the war because he has not idea what to do in the beginning of the novel. He follows what other people do. “Others began to scamper away through the smoke. The youth turned his head, shaken from his trance by this movement as if the regiment was leaving him behind. He saw the few fleeting forms.” (Chapter 6) The readers can see that eventually, he follows his own courage and shows it to other soldiers and lieutenants. Crane writes Henry’s progress inside his mind throughout the novel and not other characters.

2. Instead of using names to refer to the characters, Crane uses descriptive tags to give readers the image the author wants to give. Depending on one’s way of thinking, “the youth” can be pictured as an innocent man who has no experience with war and “the youth” just volunteer to be in war because he wants to be involved in the excitement. “This voice of the people rejoicing in the night had made him shiver in a prolonged ecstasy of excitement. Later, he had gone down to his mother's room and had spoken thus: ‘Ma, I'm going to enlist.’” (Chapter 1) Henry is like a young child who gets excited easily, but does not look at the consequences it may hold. “He was being looked at by a dead man who was seated with his back against a columnlike tree.” (Chapter 7) Jim, “the tall soldier,” gives the reader an image of a person who is faithful to his companion and a brave hero who works hard to save the country. “There was a curious red and black combination of new blood and old blood upon it.” (Chapter 9) “The loud one” can be imagined as a man who has a reputation for being brave and never backs down. “‘Run?’ said the loud one; ‘run?--of course not!’ He laughed.” (Chapter 2)Later in the novel, Crane renames Wilson from “the loud one” to “the loud young soldier” and “friend.” This tells readers that Wilson has another personality, which is kindness. “‘Well, come, now,’ continued his friend, ‘come on. I must put yeh t' bed an' see that yeh git a good night's rest.’” (Chapter 13)

3. Crane depicts different armies by showing which armies were favored during the war and giving them names. “‘Well,’ he said, ‘I had to order in th' 12th to help th' 76th, an' I haven't really got any. But there's th' 304th. They fight like a lot 'a mule drivers. I can spare them best of any.’” (Chapter 18) Each group has a reputation for their work they have done. The differences do draw between them because the officer thought the 304th, which is Henry’s group, was a failure in the battle. The regiment 304th had to work hard in the war to bring up their reputation to prove they can be successful. The moral element of the struggle is to work as a team and be better than the other regiments.

4. When Henry wanted to enlist for the army, his mother disagreed with him. “‘Henry, don't you be a fool,’ his mother had replied. She had then covered her face with the quilt. There was an end to the matter for that night.” (Chapter 1) His mother wanted to protect Henry from any danger or injuries from the war. When Henry enlisted for the war, his mother accepted his decision, but she was not pleased. She starts to give him advise about what to do and what not to do. “‘An' allus be careful an' choose yer comp'ny. There's lots of bad men in the army, Henry. The army makes 'em wild…. Keep clear of them folks, Henry. I don't want yeh to ever do anything, Henry, that yeh would be 'shamed to let me know about.’” (Chapter 1) Her warnings foreshadows the main themes by giving hints to the readers that Henry will not use his mother advise because he did not follow her instruction in the beginning when his mother didn’t want him to enlist for the war. Henry has difficulties fighting in the war because he did not take his mother’s advice, but he develops courage throughout the battle.

5. In the author’s point of view, it is wrong for Henry to run from the battle because Henry chose to fight in the battle and he should take his responsibility for his choice. “‘Henry, don't you be a fool,’ his mother had replied.” (Chapter 1) His mother disagreed with his decision, but he enlisted without getting permission from his mother. Therefore, he must take responsibility for other lives in the regiment. It’s not right to abandon a soldier during a battle, but it is okay to have Henry run away from the tattered soldier because they were not in battle and the tattered was bothering Henry. It caused Henry to be endangered, but it’s his responsibility for his own safety. It depends on one’s opinion if the situation is right or wrong, but each novel has a moral the author wants to tell to the readers. The novel has a central moral, but it is up to the readers to see if it right or wrong.

At 8:27 PM, Blogger jackie said...

1. Henry, Jim and Wilson are all very different and they all end up changing throughout the book. Henry is the type who entered because it sounded noble in an almost romantic sort of way, like he will get respect from people in his town and make something of his life, he represents the dream, romanticism and innocence. “He had of course, dreamed of battles his whole life-of vague and bloody conflicts that had thrilled him with their sweep and fire.” Pg. 3. Wilson on the other hand is loud and seems sure of himself even though he is still young he would represent bravery and strength. Although later in the book the reader does realize he has some vulnerability yet he is still different than Henry. “..And I didn’t say I was the bravest man in the world, neither. I said I was going to do my fair share of fighting..” Pg. 20. He seems like the brave guy who could do anything and isn’t afraid of dying for his cause. Jim appears to represent a realism he doesn’t dream of war or claim he is the best he states he would run if everybody else ran from war. He is strong and sure of himself, “The tall soldier felt called upon to defend the truth of a rumor he himself had introduced.” Pg. 2. This shows he is sure of himself but not cocky and he is not going to let people walk all over him. Henry’s mind does seem different from any other character because he is young innocent and honest. He is not acting terribly brave and doesn’t put on the persona of that, in the beginning he is just in it for himself and he ends up changing a lot. He evolves from the boy who is afraid to fight to this man who is a fierce fighter and doesn’t give up, he represents how most the soldiers felt but didn’t express.

2. Crane continuously used nicknames or tags to describe their names because its what they represented. Henry was young and innocent so he was referred to as the youth, he also represented what most youths may have felt or thought before they entered a war. “The youth was in a little trance of astonishment. So they were at last going to fight.” Pg. 2. This shows how non real this was to him almost like it was a dream or something. Crane used the words tall to describe Jim, this would be because of his morals and how he believed in himself and was aware of everything around him. “Well, yeh kin b’lieve me er not, jest as yeh like. I don’t care a hang. I tell yeh what I know an’ yeh can take it er leave it. Suite yourself.” Pg. 2. This shows that he feels he does what he can and he wont take any crap from anybody. And the author used loud to describe Wilson because he is how every typical man should be and he is brave yet later we realize it was an act. “We’ve got ‘em now. At last, by the eternal thunders, we’ll lick them good.” Pg 19. This shows he has confidence and is not afraid of anything.

3. Crane depicts the armies as both being a large mob of men where the generals or commanders use their men and are willing to sacrifice them to win a battle. They would put the worthless army men in the front lines and the generals or captains in the back. “I haven’t really got any. But there’s th’ 304th. They fight like a lot of mule drivers. I can spare them best of any.” Pg. 116. This shows the generals weren’t afraid to spare men for the war. The difference was that the Union army was organized and had blue uniforms and was well prepared. The south would break from there lines and fight with no control of anything. “The men, pitching forward insanely, had burst into cheerings, moblike and barbaric, but tuned in strange keys that can arouse the dullard and stoic.” Pg. 120. The whole time the northern armies seemed more organized and had a plan, it seemed the south was always attacking the retreating. The approach to the moral elements was through Henry’s eyes, so it appeared that the Unions had more morals than the Confederates as said in the quote above the south behaved in a barbaric manor.

4. Henry’s mother felt that Henry would be a fool to enlist in the army, she truly detested the idea. “ ‘Ma, I’m going to enlist.’ ‘Henry, don’t you be a fool,’ she replied” Pg. 4. She felt that it was ridiculous idea and knew how Henry thought and knew that he would try to be some sort of big hero, when actually he couldn’t do anything against such a large swarm of men. “Don’t go a-thinkin’ you can lick the hull rebel army at the start, because yeh can’t. Yer jest one little feller amongst a hull lot of lot of others.” Pg 5-6. First of all she is foreshadowing how Henry will think and not really think logically or in a real way. She’s trying to warn Henry that it will not be easy and that he will see things that will haunt him for the rest of his life and that war is not a game or some kind or romantic thing that happens that real fighting will occur and people will die, and that’s exactly what happens she seems to be thinking more about the real war than some dream of being some here like Henry is and how she describes is exactly how it ends up being.

5. The author does seem to think that it was wrong for Henry to abandon his troops, at first it seemed like Henry was just innocent and it was ok but then you realize how guilty Henry feels its easy to tell the author thought it was very wrong. “He became not a man but a member. He felt that something of which he was part – regiment, an army, a cause or a country - was in crisis.” Pg. 38. This shows that the author feels it is morally wrong to run away because you are part a team and people’s lives depend on them. The author seem to feel it was okay for Henry to abandon the tattered soldier probably because nobody’s life depended on him being there. The tattered man was seemed to be mostly there to make sure Henry was feeling bad for running away and lying of an injury. “The simple question of the tattered man had been knife thrusts to him. They asserted a society that probes pitilessly at secrets until all is apparent..” pg. 71. I feel there are moral senses throughout the book but its up to the reader to contribute there morals and apply them to the book. It almost seem more of a biography than a right or wrong kind of story. It was just important not to abandoned friends, or any other Union army they should all work together and not run.

At 9:22 PM, Anonymous cpedroza said...

1. Henry, Wilson, and Jim are different in that some chose to be in the situation they’re in and others didn’t. Jim didn’t ask to be in the situation he’s in as a slave. On the other hand Jim and Wilson enlisted to be in the one they’re in. Henry, Wilson, and Jim were all three dragged into something they never wanted. They are stuck in a situation that can only lead to bad things in the end. Henry represents the youth at the time of the civil war. Just fresh out of school looking for an adventure. The call of the war calls to him as it called to many to join and fight for their country. Wilson represented the slightly older people. He craved the adventure of war but understood a tad more of the meaning of war. Jim represented the people that had a lot to gain or loose in this. They had their freedom to think of. Crane’s focus on Henry let us get a glimpsed into the mind of a kid amidst war. We got to see what it meant to him in his point of view.

2. It gives us more of an understanding of what they’re like. It allows us to visualize them as well. It gives a deeper look in to who the person is and forces us to pay attention to who they are to be able to follow the plot. Crane is painting us a picture of what is going on. He uses descriptive language to draw us more into the story. We pay more attention to what is going on.

3. Crane depicts the different armies as a huge mast looking to destroy. There is no real distinction between any of the armies fighting. They are all the same and working towards the same goal which is to destroy the opposing army. They seem like animals. They care nothing for another’s life their main goal is just to win at all cost. One of the officers of Henry’s group was willing to sacrifice them for the greater good.

4. His mother doesn’t want him to join the army because she’s afraid that he’ll get hurt or develop some bad habits from the other men. She wants him to stay home and help with their farm but he wants to win battles and know the taste of victory. She insisted that he stay behind and help her out instead of fighting. She gives light to the fact that men are cowards and greedy by nature. She foresaw a change in Henry’s personality and she’s right. His view of view of war changes his outlook completely. He learns that war isn’t all that it is cracked to be. It has a lot of death he never really connected with war.

5. It isn’t wrong for Henry to run from the battle. He is only trying to look out for himself which is alright. Other writers had taken a big view on war but Crane focused on the single psychology of one soldier, Henry, during his first experiences of war and blood shed. In this small look at things, Crane shows Henry’s mind as a web of delusion, pride, and romantic inexperience, confront by the hard lessons and face of war. Crane does not portray a world of complete morals, but instead a universe completely indifferent to human existence.

At 10:54 PM, Anonymous Tschow said...

1. Henry, Wilson and Jim are all soldiers in the 304th regiment. They’ve eaten, slept, lived, and trained together for many months now. Crane refers to Jim as “the tall soldier”, Henry as “the youth”, and Wilson as “the loud one.” Jim seems to represent the good in everybody. Henry seems to represent the fear in everybody. Wilson seems to represent the adventure in everybody. Henry and Wilson are similar in the way that they view they war. They fantasize about how they are going to be heroes in every battle, and no one will be hurt. They don’t see the ugliness in war whereas Jim is more realistic. He said, “You can now eat and shoot . . . That’s all you want to do.” The way Crane goes inside Henry’s mind really gives the reader a picture of Henry different from any other character because you know his thoughts, which are words that are sometimes not spoken to others. His character is just so deep that it’s intriguing. “He lay down in the grass. The blades pressed tenderly against his cheek. The moon had been lighted and was hung in a treetop. The liquid stillness of the night enveloping him made him feel vast pity for himself. There was a caress in the soft winds; and the whole mood of the darkness, he thought, was one of sympathy for himself in his distress.”

2. I think Crane wanted to do that because it showed more of the characters personality or looks. I did not like that he used these descriptive tags to refer to the characters instead of their actual names because I became very confused as to who was who. It was annoying, and I believe it made me read slower because I kept having to back up and read to find out who was talking.

3. Crane depicted Henry’s regiment as “the blue lines.” “But the regiment was not yet veteranlike in appearance. Veteran regiments in the army were likely to be very small aggregations of men. Once, when the command had first come to the field, some perambulating veterans, noting the length of their column, had accosted them thus: "Hey, fellers, what brigade is that?" And when the men had replied that they formed a regiment and not a brigade, the older soldiers had laughed, and said, "O Gawd!" Also, there was too great a similarity in the hats. The hats of a regiment should properly represent the history of headgear for a period of years. And, moreover, there were no letters of faded gold speaking from the colors. They were new and beautiful, and the color bearer habitually oiled the pole.” The enemy was described, “A formidable line of the enemy came within dangerous range. They could be seen plainly--tall, gaunt men with excited faces running with long strides toward a wandering fence.” The differences he draws between them were their height, their uniforms, and their approach to the war—excited with no fear in their eyes. His approach to the moral element of the struggle is that every man in the war is out there fighting just to find himself and clear his soul.

4. "Ma, I'm going to enlist." "Henry, don't you be a fool," his mother had replied. Her attitude was this: "You watch out, Henry, an' take good care of yerself in this here fighting business--you watch, an' take good care of yerself. Don't go a-thinkin' you can lick the hull rebel army at the start, because yeh can't. Yer jest one little feller amongst a hull lot of others, and yeh've got to keep quiet an' do what they tell yeh. I know how you are, Henry. "I've knet yeh eight pair of socks, Henry, and I've put in all yer best shirts, because I want my boy to be jest as warm and comf'able as anybody in the army. Whenever they get holes in 'em, I want yeh to send 'em right-away back to me, so's I kin dern 'em. "An' allus be careful an' choose yer comp'ny. There's lots of bad men in the army, Henry. The army makes 'em wild, and they like nothing better than the job of leading off a young feller like you, as ain't never been away from home much and has allus had a mother, an' a-learning 'em to drink and swear. Keep clear of them folks, Henry. I don't want yeh to ever do anything, Henry, that yeh would be 'shamed to let me know about. Jest think as if I was a-watchin' yeh. If yeh keep that in yer mind allus, I guess yeh'll come out about right. Her advice foreshadows the main themes of the novel because it ends up being as bad as she said it would and socks and shirts are always needed. Friends are also few like she said.

5. In the author’s point of view, it is wrong for Henry to run from battle because it shows weakness of the mind. It is also wrong for him to abandon the tattered soldier because all the soldier ever did was try to help him. I think that The Red Badge of Courage has a moral center. “For a time the youth was obliged to reflect in a puzzled and uncertain way. His mind was undergoing a subtle change. It took moments for it to cast off its battleful ways and resume its accustomed course of thought. Gradually his brain emerged from the clogged clouds, and at last he was enabled to more closely comprehend himself and circumstance.”

At 11:26 PM, Blogger Z Kenneth said...

1. Henry seems to represent youth in that as most of the youth back thenm he joined the army during the Civil War dreaming of greatness. He experienced despair during the war and grew from it. Wilson seems to represnet youth’s friend in that he helped Henry grow throughout the war into a man. Jim seems to represent bravery in that he announced the first rumor of battle and also was mortally wounded. Henry is the only character in which the reader see the inner workings of his mind.

2. Crane’s frequent use of descriptive tags—such as “the youth,” “the tall soldier,” or “the loud one”—to refer to the characters, rather than the use of their actual names gives the reader a special bond with the characters in that instead of reading their real names, the reader reads their nicknames, thus feeling closer to the characters.

3. Thinking about Crane’s portrayal of the Civil War as a large historical phenomenon, Crane depicts the two armies based on their the army that Henry enlisted in. Because Henry enlisted in the Union, who won the war, the Confederacy was the “bad guys” while the Union was the “good guys” I was unable to find any differences Crane draws up between the two armies. Crane’s approach to the moral element of the struggle was to show Henry’s inability to know how he would act when his life was on the line.

4. His mother was very sad when she heard Henry was enlisting in the army to fight in the Civil War. Her advice: "keep quiet an' do what they tell yeh" and also to not drink, stay away from bad soldiers, and not to shirk off any duties foreshadows the main themes in the novel in that Henry will have to follow his mother’s advice if he is to survive through the Civil War.

5. In the author’s point of view, it seems as though it is a shameful act to run away when engaged in battle. It was not wrong for Henry to desert the tattered soldier who died alone in the battlefield because only if that soldier was extremely selfish, he would have wanted Henry to leave him and save himself. The moral center of The Red Badge of Courage is to be brave through your fears and not let your own fear get the better of you.

At 11:59 PM, Blogger Lawrence said...

1. Henry represents a cliche notion of courage and manhood in the beginning of the novel. In the beginning he is very egocentric but as the battle continues his understanding of manhood and courage changes, while still taking into account the opinions of an egocentric soldier. Jim and Wilson seem to represent a human kind of manhood and a more down to earth version of man. While Wilson is portrayed as loud and obnoxious his own fears and vulnerability come out during the novel, especially when he asks Henry to deliver an envelope to his family if he dies during the war. Showing the inner workings of Henry’s mind during the novel gives the reader an insight different than the other characters because the reader is able to see the evolution of being naive and concerned with reputation to taking a more realistic approach to life and self-preservation.

2. The frequent use of descriptive tags in the novel gives the effect of the insignificance of life, and by this statement I don’t mean life in general, I am simply referring to the individual. These general tags are used as a kind of pronoun to describe the type of person and give the general understanding of themselves. It is also used instead of their regular names as a sense of detachment because of the insignificance of one person being alive in the continuation of the world.

3. Crane does not depict much if any moral distinctions between the two armies in the novel. He more or less focuses on Henry and Henry’s own mindset in order to show a world utterly indifferent to human existence. He does not delve into the morality of the situation more than Henry’s own need to survive and what lengths he will go to in order to maintain his survival. Also by showing this side of human nature, the lines are blurred between the two armies.

4. While it is apparent that Henry’s mother does not want him to enlist, because she in fact states that she does not want him to enlist she does not show any more emotion when he claims that he has enlisted. The only emotion shown were two tears on her cheek, and Henry being naive in the beginning is upset with this emotion not shown. This is the foreshadowing of the deafening truth of mankind and courage that Henry must face. The fact that man does not matter as well as the fact that reputation does not matter in the slightest.

5. Crane does not believe that it is right or wrong for the soldier to run from the battle. He expresses that self preservation is simply a humanistic quality and a humanistic quality cannot depict right or wrong. Thus, no even in a broader sense there is a difference between right or wrong, but morally that line can be skewed or drawn in many different directions and can’t be decided by one man to rule the whole human race but must be decided by the individual, who ironically does not matter in the grand scheme of the universe.

At 1:25 AM, Blogger suhaib abdul-jabbar said...

1. Henry, Wilson, and Jim all have unique personalities. They differ mainly in one aspect, their approach to joining the army and experiencing the war. Henry had the enthusiasm that gave him an urge to want to enlist in the army. Wilson did feel somewhat of an urge to join the army, but with a different sense than that of Henry. Jim, however, due to the situation he was in, was forced to enter the army, even though he didn’t want to. Still, all three of them ended up in the same situation. Henry had represented youth during the time. He had potential and was fresh out of school to begin with. Wilson represented those just older than the youth. He had a different interpretation of the war than Henry did. Jim represented people who came in due to their situation in life. He had much at risk, yet he was fighting for freedom, and that was reason enough. Crane focuses on Henry in the novel in order to give us an idea of how the experience of a typical youth in the war was like; including the way they saw and interpreted things.

2. Crane frequently uses nicknames to refer to the characters, rather than making use of the actual names of the characters. He does this in order to allow the reader to obtain a better understanding of the characters. This fashion also gives the reader an improved visual of the characters. Additionally, it affects the way the reader translates the events going on in the novel. The reader has a better comprehension of the message that Crane is portraying.

3. In the novel, Crane portrays the different armies as these gigantic forces who search and destroy, and cause chaos. There is no genuine distinction between the armies, since they are pretty much all just like machines programmed to find and destroy the opposing force or enemy. Crane approaches the struggle’s moral aspect with Henry and his group, where an officer is willing to give them up for the good that can be achieved.

4. Henry’s mother opposed his enlisting in the army. She feared that the war might affect Henry in a negative way. She was also worried that the soldiers themselves would sway Henry and his personality. Henry later realizes that the world keeps on spinning, and life goes on regardless of the wars and men dying or living. Furthermore, experiencing the war matured Henry in a sense.

5. It was not wrong for Henry to run away from the battlefield. Henry had his own personal reasons, and these reasons differed from that of the other soldiers. It wasn’t wrong for him to abandon the tattered soldier either, since he was already basically a goner, and it was evident that he would’ve died anyways, especially after looking at the condition he was in, being all cut up with dirty and ripped up clothing (stained with blood). The novel did have a moral center, but it didn’t really have one. The life Crane depicts is similar to an actual (reality) life to some extent.

At 12:54 PM, Anonymous JKasper said...

1. Henry seems to represent the developing resiliency and pride of the American people; he is youthful and imaginative but maturing in this direciton. Wilson represents the loud-mouth of American culture, making unfounded assertions but not backing them up. Finally, Jim is fundamentally the opposite of Wilson, acting without speech. Crane's focus on the inner workings of Henry's mind give a personal and true view of the character. Nothing about Henry is hidden from the reader, which may or may not be true for the other characters.

2. Crane's frequent ues of descriptive tags such as "the youth" serves to generalize the story, making it more representative of this chapter of American history.

3. Crane depicts the armies of the Union and the Confederacy as different groups of simple, generally likeminded people; he disregards formal tags and insteads refers to them as "men in grey" or "soldiers in blue." He seems to reduce armies to the simple men of which they are composed.

4. The mother is against Henry's enlisting in the war but believes he should "listen to his heart". Her advice foreshadows the horrors that would ensue. She assures him that returning to her to aid her to the end of her days is a courageous and honorable act as well, should the war prove too dangerous or terrifying. She also warns him not to do anything he would "be ashamed of."

5. The author seems indifferent to Henrys' fleeing from the battle; it was neither right nor wrong. The abandoning of the tattered soldier was not seen as wrong by the author either, as the nature of the universe gives no firm ground to righteous inclinations. In this respect, The Red Badge of Courage denies that the concepts of "right" and wrong" can exist in an indifferent universe.

At 12:55 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...


1)Henry, wilson, and jim are all different people, though they share many similar characteristics. Henry represents the "youth" of America, and the false images war can bring into a young mans mind. Wilson, is rather a loud-mouth character and shows the part of american society who can talk a great deal but not follow up thier owrds with actions. Jim is "the tall soldier" and the honest middle of henry and wilson. he understands the reality.

2) Cranes frequent use of thse descriptive tags is simply a way adress the characters. but on a DEEPER note, these titles represent the characteristics of the state the country is currently in. he is identifying the characters this way to show the realms and attitudes they derive from.

3)crane's portrayal of the UNion forces and the confederates is rather broken down. He does not imply the differences they fight for but compares them in their wills and motives. they are just men , on both sides, fighting for a cause.

4) when henry first choses to enlist in the war, his mother is, of course, against it, what mother wants to see her child in a situation on deaths doorstep. Though , motherly obligations aside, she wants to see her son do as he chooses and follow his convictions, and to not do anything he would regret. Though her advice does set the stage for what henry will come to see in this war.

5)In the authors point of view he shows neither neither praise or repremand for henry's decision to run from the war. all in all he is rather indiffrent. The red Badge of courage , does Deny the categories of "right" or wrong", the indiffrent attitude of the autor and the concept in general does not imply that these moralstandpoints can exist in the setting.

At 12:55 PM, Blogger Julia Tasedan said...

1. Henry is the youth of the novel; he is ignorant, selfish, proud, and fantasies of the glory of war in the beginning of the novel but after experience from the war he becomes selfless, wise, cunning, and forgets his fantasies. Therefore, Henry represents the youth to a man and what is it to become a real man. Wilson is much like Henry in a sense that they were both naïve before they experience the war because they are both youth. The difference between these characters is that Wilson is a very much about talking and not doing, but when he is confronted with his own fear, he quickly transforms into a worried and mature man, because he finally realized his fault of being opinionated. Hence, Wilson stands for the growth a person goes through when they can finally open their mind. Jim is like a faceless soldier who only fights for his country and believes in national unity. Jim’s major contrast with Henry and Wilson is that he does not undergo any change. He represents manhood and the simple pleasures of doing his duties and as a balance of contrast to the other two soldiers. Stephen Crane uses Henry’s point of view to narrate the novel was to separate himself from Wilson and Jim. I believe he did this to create more diversity between the characters because if it was narrated in third person Henry and Wilson could be seen as almost the same character, but with the insight into Henry’s mind the reader can understand the deeper thought of Henry and separate the characters into individuals.
2. By the frequent use of descriptive tags as “the youth”, “the tall soldier”, and “the loud one”, Stephen Crane amplifies each character’s symbol in the novel. Also, when referring the actually name of each character, a novelist shows a more appropriate approach and in this light less informative. Also, by using descriptive tabs, he conveys his own opinions of each character in the book, giving another tone to the novel and an insight of the narrator’s views on the characters.
3. He depicts the war as this horrible phenomena, but then again, the world is always going to be a terrible place and man must learn to cope to survive. Each army has they’re own goals and motives but it is their hearts that get them to their goal. The difference between the two armies is that one side has a different objective, but also, historically, the Confederates were the side that was most likely to fail due to their economic problems and numbers of population. Therefore, the Union, Henry’s side has the upper hand in winner the war. The moral element of this struggle is that you must fight for what you believe in not for glory like Henry thought war was for.
4. His flash back to when he was with his mother in the first chapter symbolizes a certain extent of the war for him. She realizes that he is was young man and still has more time to his life. She also does not agree with his romantic views of the glories of war. This also maybe a moral section because he motives are not just and for selfish reasons. Therefore, this foreshadows Henry finally realizing the right motives of being in the war and becoming a “man”.
5. Crane’s point of view of Henry is that he is wrong for running away from the Battle, more so for leaving the tattled soldier. You can see the author’s moral ideas shown when Henry is confronted with the fact that he ran away from a battle that his army did win, therefore he feels humiliated. When he meets the tattled soldier, the injured soldier repeatedly asked where he as his wounds from battle, thus hitting a guilt note. He later leaving the man to die and ultimately feels horrible for the wrongs he did that day. The Red Bade of Courage does have a moral center, very openly so, because every wrong that Henry commits he later pays for or makes up for. On the other hand, you could also say that it denies the ideas of “right” and “wrong” if convince yourself that what you did was “right”. For example, Henry convinced himself that running away from that battle was a beneficial move, because he made himself believe that he would not survive, if he had not found out that they won the war, he was have a clean conscious. In other words, you could commit any crime, but if you find that it was justified, then the idea of the two moral categories “right” and “wrong” don’t even exist, if you are always right.

At 12:55 PM, Blogger floresj said...

1) Henry is a young soldier who enlisted in the Union Army during the Civil War. As the novel progresses, Henry learns many valuable lessons as he experiences the hardships of war. He enlists in the Union Army because he is deeply in love with the fact that he will fighting in a war, but as he experiences everything, he encounters some fears. Wilson is Henry’s friend, and they grow really close to each other, and they both have experiences to share. During the novel, Wilson was a very tough person to a caring person who shares some concern and care for his fellow soldiers. Jim is also Henry’s friend, and he dies during battle. Jim lifts the spirits of the other soldiers, but is killed in the first battle, and it proves to have a negative effect on Henry. Each character has their own representation, ranging from being a life changing experience, to a figure that is encouraging. Since Crane focuses on the inner workings of Henry’s mind, the reader can somewhat relate to the character because he is young, and we were all young at first. If another character other than Henry would to be used, then everything would be different. Since a young person is being used, one can see the flaws within a young person.

2) He used nicknames for the characters in order to provide the reader with a visual of who they are. This shows the type of person that they are, and what roles they play in the Union army. The author tries to create a sense of vivid description. It is way better to use these descriptive titles rather than use the names of the characters.

3) Crane illustrates the armies as colossal armed forces. They are very discipline and follow the orders they are given. Crane doesn’t give much life to the armies. The only exception is Henry and his group, where lessons and morals are displayed. All the other armies are pretty much just what one would expect them to be, masses of people who follow orders to obliterate the opposing forces.

4) Henry’s mother was not in favor of him joining the Union. She had fears that he might change in a negative way. She was also scared he might get killed in the war. Her advice deals with the changes that Henry undergoes through his experiences as a soldier in the war.

5) In a way, it is wrong for Henry to run from battle. Yet, it is still right for him because he is a youngster. He experiences the harshness of war at such a young age, which proves to be dramatic. The tattered soldier had almost a zero percent chance of surviving, and, by leaving him, Henry is able to save his one life, rather than die trying to help another. The Red Badge of Courage does have a moral center in a way such that the war and the characters each represent a different type of moral that is brought out on Henry, in this different lifestyle.

At 12:56 PM, Anonymous Ryan Whites said...

1. Henry is the young character of the novel, who seems to be ready and willing, but full of fantasies and imagination. Wilson is loud but he only talks and does not act. Jim seems to be the adult character, because he simply does not look to become great, and does not talk big, he simply acts. Henry represents the conversion to manhood, Wilson represents naivety, and Jim represents maturity. Crane's focus on the inner workings of Henry's mind gives us a picture of Henry which is different from any other character by allowing us to see the change from Henry to Jim, that is, from boy to man or immaturity to maturity. In a way, he also connects maturity to courage, and thus the focus on Henry also gives illustration to the installation of courage into a human.

2. Crane uses descriptive tags such as "the youth," and "The tall soldier" to refer to characters to make the story less based on the actual characters themselves, but rather how they react with their inviroment. This treatment of the characters helps bring about his ideals of courage to the story.

3. Crane depicts the different armies as different uniforms. The confederates are not even called confederates, but are instead refered to as the soldiers in grey, while the union is referred to as the soldiers in blue. He draws little to no differences between them, the only difference really being the two different colored uniforms. He makes no approach to the moral struggle of the civil war, he does not touch on the subject or discuss it. He simply writes about the soldiers and their fight, and the gaining of courage.

4. Henry's mother suggests to him not to enlist, as she thinks its a bad idea. Her parting advice was to never do anything he would be ashamed to tell her, thus suggesting that he should be courageous in all of his actions in battle. She tells him she'll be fine even without him, so he should be brave. This forshadows the rest of the novel, as later he deals with his courage. He does commit acts that he would be ashamed to tell his mother. He later forgets about himself, and throws himself into the fights, forgetting about what he might leave behind. Thus, his discussion with his mother forshadows what will happen later.

5. From Crane's point of view, there was no right or wrong in Henry's fleeing from battle. There was no wrong in him abandoning the tattered soldier, because Crane was completely indifferent and held to dispositions. The Red Badge seems to deny moral categories in the idea that the universe itself is indifferent. In the end, there is no right or wrong with the universe; all things continue moving regardless.

At 1:00 PM, Blogger MuradianIbrahim said...

1. "Red Badge of Courage" by Crane is an insightful novel which depicts Civil War lifestyle. The protagonist,Henry, depicts the natural cowardice and hidden potential of all soldiers battling on the front. Jim, a friend of Henry's who suffered an untimely death on the battlefield, represents a prepared soldier who is ready to give his life for the cause. He is also somewhat of a pessimist due to his prediciton of the oncoming frontal attack. Wilson is portrayed as the ideal soldier of the Civil War period, for he tends to the needs of Henry and assures his safety over his very own. Crane creates an emphasis of the inner workings of Henry's mind alone throughout the novel, and with no other character does the reader attain such a detailed perception.

2. Crane utilizes descriptive tags throughout the novel in order to illustrate the method of reference during the actual Civil War period. Furthermore, the tags attempt to carry with them certain characteristics of the things and people they represent, which could be emotionally appealing to the reader.

3. By hardly depicting the opposing force (Confederacy), Crane attempts to portray the armies of this force as dark and mysterious. As he deeply looks into the Union armies, the reader can note the closeness of the soldiers and the personal feelings they carry with them rather than the soley war-concerned South. This reveals that his approach to the moral element of the struggle is that the Northern soldiers, regardless of their position as combatants, are afraid of death and do not wish do die in this war while the Southern armies have no concern other than the outcome of the war itself. Clearly, the South has more motivation to fight while the North is more morally concerned.

4. In chapter 1, Henry's discussion with his mother regarding his entrance into the war reveals her opposition to the matter. That is, she does not desire her son to volunteer in the war and willingly offer his life to the nation, and she warns him that he will be given no special treatment, for thousands of others will share his same position. This foreshadows the atrocious events he would have to experience thorughout the remainder of the novel.

5. From the author's point of view, it was not morally wrong when Henry flees in battle. In fact, he is entirely indifferent of it. Thus, "The Red Badge of Courage" holds little moral value.

At 1:01 PM, Blogger Ryan Maxwell said...

1. Henry, Wilson, and Jim all seem to represent the aprehension people have about conflict and life in general. Crane's focus on Henry's mind his unique becaues we can see what hes thinking.

2. He uses nicknames becaues they are more descriptive. They better reflect who the person is than does a simple name given at birth.

3. He depicts the different armies as compromised of brave soldiers. He draws significant differences between them. He approaches the war as a moral element in that morals guide what the characters do on the battlefield and in life.

4. His mother was sad about him enlisting. Her advice forshadows how the conflict will eventually play out and how its consequences will be.

5. In the authors point of view, it was not wrong for Henry to run away from battle, but it was wrong for him to abondon the tattered soldier. The book tends to deny that morals are absolute and leans more toward the theory of relativism.

At 6:44 PM, Blogger nsotomayor said...

1. Henry is a young man that is looking for some adventures so he decides to enlist in the Union Army. He sees going to war as a journey from which he will come back as a hero and do great things just like in the stories that he reads. When he faces the reality that he will have to shoot people and actually fight is when he begins to feel uncomfortable and wishes he had never enlisted. Wilson is the Loud Soldier that tries to show off and appear to be extremely confident in what he is doing. He tells everyone that he isn’t afraid and that he will never run from a battle like many of the new ones do. After he sees that they will fight he changes and believes that he will die. He becomes a caring person and does not quarrel with the rest. Jim is the Tall Soldier who is always talking about going to battle and getting everyone excited. He is often getting into arguments with Wilson and he does not seem to care about anyone but himself.
2. The effect of Crane’s tags are a bit confusing. He does not use the person’s name but instead uses a word that describes them. The effect that he gives is that you get to know the characters personalities rather than just their name. It gives that reader a better picture because of the detail.
3. Crane depicts the different armies as one able to fight and the other not so much. In the beginning he makes Henry’s squadron look very incapable because they are just wandering aimlessly. When he talks about the other army he makes them sound well organized and capable of fighting. They meet Henry’s squadron and many of the soldiers flee instead of fight. After the first battle Crane lets the reader know that both armies are capable of doing well as long as they all fight because both achieve wins and losses.
4. His mother’s attitude about his enlisting is that she does not want her son to go. She does not think that his place is anywhere other than the farm. Henry’s mother believes that her son has no business getting involved in the Union’s problems. Her advice foreshadows the themes of the story because she gives her son advice on what he should and should not do while he is fighting. Her advice is needed when he deals with all of his problems because she was right about him enlisting. She knew he would not be well of and she was right.
5. In the author’s point of view it isn’t wrong for Henry to run from the battle because he just fell into the temptation that many of the soldiers fell into. He does not make him out to be a horrible person he just acknowledges the fact that it was wrong for him to abandon his fellow soldiers. It isn’t wrong for him to abandon the tattered soldier because he is way too young to handle another death in such a short time. His fear and pain in his heart can’t allow him to see another soldier die in front of him.

At 12:08 PM, Blogger sstratton said...

1) Henry seemed very worried about his image, and it seemed as if he was always trying to save his manhood or preserve his image. He also continues however to grow and mature, and his experiences help him to form new ideas and become a man. WIlson is ready and willing to fight, unlike Henry, who regrets his choice to join the army after he experiences difficulty. Wilson also thought about many others and he is representing the courage that nobody else has. He is ready to possibly be sacrificed to save his country or his friends. Jim knew when it was his time to die and he was ready for death; he realized that he tried his hardest and he did make a contribution to his country. All of the men represent youth and maturity and the growing of the characters. They finally feel the security of courage at some point and they dont feel the need to voice public recognition; they perform actions for themselves, not for others. By focusing on Henrys mind, we are able to get an inside look at his feelings and we can understand his actions because he justifies them in his thoughts. It gives the reader a chance to sympathize with him as well as form opinions on Henry.

2) It is easier for the reader to remember because it classifies the people and it sets them apart from the other chracters. It gives them an identification and a label. The reader can create a mental image of the character.

3) He mainly focused on the Northern army and he didnt depict them differently. No individual viewpoints from one person. IT was always 'the army" or "the enemy". A viewpoint from one individual soldier wasnt there.

4) His mother discouraged him and did not want him to enlist. SHe didnt share his ideas about becoming a war hero becaues she knew the consequences and possiblitiies of fighting in a war. But she also didnt want him to back out just to retun alive. It seemed she was not for him enlisting, but she did want people to fight for the country, and not do anything shameful. Her advice was probabaly always in the back of his, like a little voice, probing him to make certain choices.

5) I felt the author thought it was right so he could make the story into a lesson and so he could show the development of characters and the growth. Right and wrong dont have to exist, because sometimes some people view right and wrong veruy differently, it all has to do with what they see as important.


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